Yuan ZHANG, Yuyang GE:"Religious Nationalism and Power Vacuum in the Middle East", Eurasian Journal of Religious Studies
发布时间: 2021-03-20 浏览次数: 46

SourceEurasian Journal of Religious StudiesNo. 1, Vol. 25, 2021

AbstractThis article is regarded for religious beliefs that can be combined with nationalism to provide a mobilization source for national self-determination. With the declining of quasi-state “Islamic State”, and there can be found a temporary power vacuum in the former controlled territory of Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). Similar like in the post-colonial and post-cold war eras, when the withdrawal of external powers created a power vacuum, religious nationalism involved in the reconstruction of subsequent orders, and the new regime often embodied criticism and revision of the previous political system, political structure, and of course ruling culture. The cultural environment of Islam shapes indigenous nationalism. Religious beliefs can provide sources of aggregation and mobilization for self-determination. This paper argues that since the ISIS showed extremism characteristics of the close combination of violence and religion, those national independent forces, rooted in the local religious society, have to revalue their religious security.

Keywordsreligious nationalism;power vacuum;Islamism;Kurds;Middle East;self-determination