孙德刚、张帅:“Marriage Without Certificate: On Syria-Iran Quasi-alliance: From the Iranian Revolution to the Arab Revolution”,International Relations and Diplomacy
发布时间: 2017-12-20 浏览次数:

Source: International Relations and Diplomacy, Vol. 5, No. 9, September 2017

Abstract: Syria and Iran have formed a special relation in the past four decades. While researchers of international relations have probed deeply into alliance theory in the past half century, current literature in this field can hardly explain the informal mechanism for Syria-Iran security cooperation. To unravel the puzzle, this paper attempts to put forward a new hypothesis: quasi-alliance. Based on an empirical study of Syria-Iran special relations in the past four decades, it reveals that quasi-alliance is a unique model for security cooperation in international arena paralleling with formal alliance, and its security arrangement has an unique logic, dynamics, mode of management and attributes. In the new framework of analysis, this paper touches down upon the fundamental characteristics of formation, management, efficacy, and prospect by focusing on the diplomatic history of Syria-Iran quasi-alliance from 1979 to 2017. The bilateral quasi-alliance practice has undergone three stages of combating Iraqi aggression in 1980s, curbing Israel-Turkey axis in 1990s and balancing U.S.-Israel-Saudi-Turkey coalition in the 21st century, particularly since the outbreak of the Syrian civil war.   

Keywords: Syria-Iran relations, alliance theory, Middle East security, quasi-alliance diplomacy, the Arab Revolution

Abstract