Degang Sun and Hend Elmahly:“NATO vs. SCO: A Comparative Study of Outside Powers’ Military Presence in Central Asia and the Gulf”,Asian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies
发布时间: 2019-01-02 浏览次数: 10

SourceAsian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic StudiesVolume 12No.4February 2018

AbstractThe North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) both have geopolitical interests in Central Asia and the Gulf. The former is a military alliance, whose members have built substantial presence in the Greater Middle East, including the US military presence in Afghanistan, Djibouti, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Oman; the British military presence in Afghanistan and Bahrain; the French military presence in Afghanistan, Djibouti and the UAE. In comparison, SCO is a political bloc, whose members are at a low level of military integration. Like Russia’s military presence in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, China has logistics base in Djibouti; India has military presence in Tajikistan. The three SCO members enjoy better geographical proximality, while the three NATO members are stronger in military deployments and power projection capabilities. The SCO major powers have consolidated their respective land power in Central Asia, while NATO members have obtained both land power in Afghanistan and marine power in the Gulf. While the SCO’s and NATO’s respective military positions have been strengthened, Central Asia and the Gulf are faced with serious economic, political and social problems and inter-state conflict. In the light of this, the military presence of outside NATO and SCO powers may rest on a weak foundation and may face various hurdles in the future.

KeywordsGulf Cooperation CouncilThe Shanghai Cooperation OrganizationMilitary basesBalance of powerCentral Asia